Legal, policy and governance pillar

The Legal, Policy and Governance Pillar will assist in the development of ocean multi-use solutions by analyzing the societal context, addressing risks and legal challenges and supporting the rollout and upscaling of activities. The activities will focus on:

  • Addressing challenges to support the rollout and upscaling of activities, with special attention to insurance aspects;
  • Addressing health and safety aspects of ocean multi-use solutions;
  • Translating the substance and core principles of governance to the context of risk and risk-related decision-making;
  • Involving stakeholders when assessing safe and health aspects, as well as in the development of viable business models for ocean multi-use solutions.

The short informative videos have been produced addressing the health and safety aspects of ocean multi-use solutions.

They provide insights about the health and safety framework which will be applied in the UNITED project.

UNITED is developing a series of videos on this topic that will be uploaded here as they become available.

This is the first video in which we go step by step through the phases of the SOMOS model. The first step is the phase of exploring: describing the multi-use system. By using tools such as policy analysis, stakeholder mapping and stakeholder analysis you can identify the multi-use activities planned or taking place, identify relevant actors and describe the multi-use system. Stakeholders can provide data, information and evidence on crucial steps in the multi-use system.

In this video we look at the phase of appraising: assessing risk management options. You can assess hazards, risks, consequences under different scenarios and events, given the current level of knowledge and understanding and appraise risk management options. Stakeholders provide norms and values to be included in the appraisal of scenarios, likelihoods and consequences and in the development of acceptance criteria for mitigating measures. Tools you can use are identification of critical hazards, cost-benefit analysis, multi-criteria analysis and societal cost-benefit analysis.

In the second step of the SOMOS model we go through the phase of understanding: analysing risks and mitigation options. In this step you identify opportunities and threats (hazards) to the multi-use system, identify ambiguities and uncertainties in the multi-use system, implement a formal and participatory risk assessment, identify control options, mitigation measures and coping strategies. To do so you use a.o. event and fault trees, probability estimations and Bayesian networks. Stakeholders assist in developing a shared identification of hazards and risks.

In step four of the SOMOS model we are going to decide which management actions to implement. In this phase of deciding we involve the stakeholders to generate a process of co-decision making. Tools we can use are Bayesian networks and Decision Support Systems.


The products of the Legal, policy and governance Pillar:


An inventory of legal and insurance aspects, risk and risk management optionsand the wider governance contextof risk management related to multi-use solution


An analysis of the specific context of each pilot concerning policy and legal aspectsas well as insurance issues. On this basis, each pilot will be advised on the most appropriate way to develop multi-use solutiongiven the potential limitations and conflicts arising from these legal and insurance aspects.


An analysis of health and safety issues in each pilot, including the logistics, ancillary infrastructure and maintenance services. Safety risks will be assessed from three perspective: food and feed, people and equipment, environment and cumulative aspects.


An overall risk governance analysis on multi-use initiatives, based on the experiences of the five UNITED pilots.